Planetary fields are made by dynamo action: convection of electrically conducting fluids across lines of magnetic flux at high pressures P and temperatures T in planetary interiors . The causes of the unusual magnetic fields of U/N are electrical conductivities of convecting fluids that generate those fields.
What causes the magnetic field of Uranus?
Like the other giant planets, Uranus has a magnetic field that is generated by convection currents in an electrically conducting interior. … The dipole axis is tilted with respect to the planet’s rotation axis at an angle of 58.6°, which greatly exceeds that for Earth (11.5°), Jupiter (9.6°), and Saturn (less than 1°).
What happens when Uranus and Neptune collide?
If the object just grazed Uranus instead of a head-on collision, the planet’s interior would not be affected but the impact would still be enough to tilt the planet. Conversely, if Neptune did experience a head-on impact, the collision would have affected the planet’s interior but would not form a disk of debris.
What causes Uranus and Neptune’s blue atmosphere?
The blue-green, turquoise color of Uranus and the blue, indigo color of Neptune come from methane in their clouds. … Although Uranus apparently has no strong internal source of heat, Neptune radiates 2.7 times the energy it absorbs from the Sun.
What is unusual about the magnetic field axes of Uranus and Neptune describe what might be producing this unusual effect?
The researchers say their results could help explain Uranus’ and Neptune’s magnetic fields, which are unusual in that they do not run quasi-parallel and symmetrically to the axis of the planets’ rotation (as Earth’s magnetic field does). Instead, the magnetic fields of the ice giants are skewed and off-centre.
What generates the magnetic fields of Uranus and Neptune quizlet?
The magnetic fields of Uranus and Neptune are askew, tilted from their rotation axes; rotation-driven currents in internal shells of ionized water could generate these magnetic fields.
What is unusual about the magnetic dipoles of Uranus and Neptune?
NASA’s Voyager 2 spacecraft discovered the unusual non-dipolar and non- axisymmetric magnetic fields of Uranus and Neptune (U/N) in the 1980’s . Those magnetic fields are made primarily by degenerate, metallic, fluid H (MFH) [2,3]. The magnetic fields of U/N are both ~2×10-5 Tesla , comparable to that of Earth.
What would happen if Uranus crashed into Earth?
Because Uranus is about 15 times more massive than the Earth, its gravitational pull would start massively affecting our planet. Volcanoes would begin erupting uncontrollably, and tremendous earthquakes would get in on the act, destroying Earth from the inside.
What would happen if Pluto crashed into Earth?
If, for whatever reason they did collide, I imagine that Neptune, being far larger than Pluto would survive, albeit with a slightly altered orbit while Pluto would be destroyed in the collision. The effect on Earth would be virtually nil.
What would happen if planets collided?
Very high speeds would completely fragment and destroy both planets. Collisions that are not head-on (known as oblique collisions) can give different results. … If the cores collide at an angle then the planets may or may not merge, but in all cases a large amount of the gaseous envelope will be lost.
What is the main reason that Uranus and Neptune appear a bluish color while Jupiter and Saturn do not?
A. The cloud tops of Jupiter and Saturn have a different composition from the cloud tops of Uranus and Neptune. Methane gas absorbs red light, and methane clouds reflect blue light, giving Uranus and Neptune their distinctive blue colors.
What causes Neptune’s blue color?
The predominant blue color of the planet is a result of the absorption of red and infrared light by Neptune’s methane atmosphere.
What makes up Neptune’s atmosphere?
Neptune’s thick atmosphere is mostly hydrogen, with smaller amounts of helium and methane. It is the absorption of red light by methane which gives Neptune its very blue coloration. The average temperature on Neptune is a brutally cold -373 degrees F.
What causes a planet’s magnetic field?
Planetary magnetic fields are believed to be caused by strong convective currents in planetary cores. These currents require for their production complete melting over of a large region of the planet’s interior and rapid rotation of the planet.
Which statement about the magnetic fields of Uranus and Neptune is false?
Which statements about the magnetic fields of Uranus and Neptune is FALSE? Both pass directly through the cores of their planets, like all other fields. About 50 years after Uranus was discovered: its orbit was too far off of its predicted path to be explained by observational errors.
What causes Triton’s geysers?
What causes Triton’s geysers? — Triton’s geysers are caused by the heating and vaporization of the liquid nitrogen below Triton’s surface. Vaporization produces high pressure, which forces the gas through cracks and fissures in the crust, creating a geyser effect.