How much energy does it take to launch a space shuttle?

At liftoff, the two Solid Rocket Boosters consume 11,000 pounds of fuel per second. That’s two million times the rate at which fuel is burned by the average family car. The twin Solid Rocket Boosters generate a combined thrust of 5.3 million pounds.

How much energy does it take to fly to space?

The speed needed to maintain an orbit near the Earth’s surface corresponds to a sideways speed of about 7.8 km/s (17,400 mph), an energy of about 30MJ/kg.

How much energy does it take to launch from the moon?

We need lunar escape speed plus a tiny bit. So about 2,400 m/s. Doing the arithmetic, about 2.88 MJ/kg.

Why does it take so much energy to launch a space ship?

In order to reach escape velocity (the speed needed to push something outside of Earth’s gravity well), a huge amount of thrust is needed. That is why large multi-stage rockets, like the Delta II or the Saturn V (the Apollo program’s launch rocket), are needed to put something into space.

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How much force does it take to launch something into space?

For the object to accelerate upwards, the thrusting force m*a, must be greater than m*g. So technically the limiting value of force required is 10kg*9.8m/s^2 = 98 Newtons or 9.8 kg thrust. Anything above this value, will push the object to space.

How fast is a space shuttle launch?

The jettison of the booster rockets marks the end of the first ascent stage and the beginning of the second. The second stage of ascent lasts about six and a half minutes. The space shuttle gains more altitude above Earth and the speed increases to the nearly 7,850 m/s (17,500 mph) required to achieve orbit.

How much energy does it take to send 1 kg into space?

Using these, the energy for the 1 kg to get into low Earth orbit is 3.29 x 107 Joules. If you paid for that with the electricity from your house, you would write it in kilowatt hours.

How much fuel does a space shuttle use per second?

At liftoff, the two Solid Rocket Boosters consume 11,000 pounds of fuel per second. That’s two million times the rate at which fuel is burned by the average family car. The twin Solid Rocket Boosters generate a combined thrust of 5.3 million pounds.

Can space shuttle fly moon?

Can the Space Shuttle fly to the Moon? A. No, the Shuttle is designed to travel to low-Earth orbit (within a few hundred miles of the Earth’s surface). It does not carry enough propellant to leave Earth orbit and travel to the Moon.

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How much rocket fuel does it take to get to the moon?

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While the amount of fuel varied, depending on the mission, on average it used a total of 4,578,000 pounds (2,076,545 kg) of fuel. It could lift a payload to low Earth orbit weighing 310,000 lb (140,000 kg), and send a payload of 107,100 lb (48,600 kg) to the Moon.

What is the max speed of a rocket?

A: NASA’s Juno spacecraft is the fastest man made object ever recorded, at roughly 365,000 km/h (165,000 mph) as it approached Jupiter. The fastest launch velocity belongs to New Horizons, which went 58,000 km/h (36,000 mph).

How fast do space rockets go?

If a rocket is launched from the surface of the Earth, it needs to reach a speed of at least 7.9 kilometers per second (4.9 miles per second) in order to reach space. This speed of 7.9 kilometers per second is known as the orbital velocity, it corresponds to more than 20 times the speed of sound.

How fast is the fastest spaceship?

The fastest speed by a spacecraft is 163 km/s (586,800 km/h; 364,660 mph), which was achieved by the Parker Solar Probe at 21:25:24 UTC on 20 November 2021.

How do spaceships accelerate in space?

A rocket provides the means to accelerate a spacecraft. … This combustion energy (instead of the limited air pressure in a water-bottle rocket) expands and greatly accelerates the reaction mass out the nozzle, propelling the rocket forward. The reaction mass is not always water.

What limits acceleration in space?

Nothing can travel faster than 300,000 kilometers per second (186,000 miles per second). Only massless particles, including photons, which make up light, can travel at that speed. It’s impossible to accelerate any material object up to the speed of light because it would take an infinite amount of energy to do so.

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How many pounds of thrust does it take to leave the Earth?

It has to produce a lot of thrust to escape the earth’s gravitational pull, known as escape velocity. It has to produce 3.5 million kilograms (7.2 million pounds) of thrust to do so!