Is Saturn as a whole deficient in helium relative to Jupiter?

— Yes, Saturn as a whole is deficient in helium relative to Jupiter. Jupiter is made up of ~14% helium, while Saturn is made up of 7.4% helium.

Why does Saturn have less helium than Jupiter?

Saturn has a smaller metallic hydrogen mantle because its lower overall mass means lower internal pressures. Saturn has less surface Helium than Jupiter (~1/4), probably due to “rainout” in the deep interior.

How does Saturn compare to Jupiter?

Saturn is significantly less dense than Jupiter. Saturn’s average density is less than 700 kilograms per cubic meter, 30% lower than water. … The hydrogen, helium, and a bit of heavier elements in Saturn take up almost the same space as Jupiter, but Saturn’s mass is half of Jupiter’s.

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What element is deficient in Saturn’s atmosphere?

But Saturn is deficient in helium. Its composition is 94% hydrogen and 6% helium, some helium is missing from the atmosphere. The result is a warmer core and a lack of helium in the upper atmosphere of Saturn.

When were Saturn’s rings discovered when and how did astronomers realize what they were?

In 1655, using a more advanced refracting telescope with a 43x magnification that he designed himself, Duch astronomer Christiaan Huygens (14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) correctly deduced that the “arms” of Saturn were actually a ring system.

What do the planets Jupiter and Saturn represent?

The social or transpersonal planets are Jupiter and Saturn. Jupiter and Saturn are often called the first of the “transpersonal” or “transcendent” planets as they represent a transition from the inner personal planets to the outer modern, impersonal planets.

Why is Saturn less dense than Jupiter quizlet?

A: Saturn is less massive than Jupiter; its gravity is weaker. Helium is more abundant at Saturn than at Jupiter.

How do the interiors of Jupiter and Saturn differ?

Jupiter has a larger metallic hydrogen core than Saturn, and the larger this region is the stronger a magnetic field can be. Because of the two planets’ similar rotation periods, the difference in the magnetic fields must come from the differential core sizes.

How are Jupiter and Saturn similar quizlet?

Jupiter and Saturn are similar in that they are both large Jovian planets with numerous satellites; both have ring systems, although Saturn’s rings are much more pronounced; and both have dynamic atmospheres with cyclonic storms on their surfaces.

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Why is Saturn almost as big as Jupiter despite its smaller mass?

Why is Saturn almost as big as Jupiter, despite its smaller mass? Jupiter’s greater mass compresses it more, thus increasing its density. … All have cores of about the same mass, but differ in the amount of surrounding hydrogen and helium.

What does Jupiter have in common with Saturn?

What do Jupiter and Saturn have in common? Jupiter and Saturn both orbit around the sun. They also have moons, rings, colored bands, and many other things. They both have gas giants and they’re both planets in our Solar System. …

What element is notably deficient in Saturn’s atmosphere and why?

The element most notably deficient in Saturn’s atmosphere is Helium. The cause of this deficiency can be attributed to Helium condensing in Saturn’s cold atmosphere and falling deeper into the planet.

What elements are the atmosphere of Jupiter and Saturn primarily composed of?

The air on Jupiter and Saturn, for example, is made up of nearly 100 percent diatomic hydrogen (H2) and helium (He), with small contributions of methane (CH4) and other chemical compounds.

What would happen if you tried to walk on Saturn?

The outer part of Saturn is made of gas and the very top layers have about the same pressure as the air does on Earth. So, if you tried to walk on this part of Saturn, you would sink through its atmosphere. Saturn’s atmosphere is very thick and its pressure increases the deeper you go.

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What mechanism is responsible for the relative absence of helium in Saturn’s atmosphere compared with Jupiter’s atmosphere?

– Helium precipitation is the mechanism responsible for the relative absence of helium in Saturn’s atmosphere, compared with Jupiter’s atmosphere. Helium precipitation is the process by which Helium liquifies and forms droplets that fall toward the center of the planet.

What would a 100 pound person weigh on Saturn?

The surface gravity on Saturn is about 107% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 107 pounds on Saturn (assuming you could find someplace to, well, stand).