Quick Answer: What kind of particles can condense in the inner solar system and why can only these particles condense?

Which type of material can not condense at any distance from the Sun?

Thus, the planetesimals that formed in the outer solar system are composed primarily of hydrogen compounds with traces of rock and metal. Hydrogen and helium do not condense in the solar nebula, and are rather abundant in the large orbits of objects in the outer solar system.

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What kind of material in the innermost regions of the solar nebula could remain solid at temperature as high as 1500 K?

The solar nebula is a cooling gas. We can calculate what materials will condense out as the nebula cools. Here is an example of such a calculation. At the highest temperatures (>1500 K), we get refractory elements – elements which stay solid at high temperatures (tungsten, for example).

What materials condense in different parts of the solar system?

What materials condense in different parts of the solar system?

  • Metals: iron, nickel, aluminum. …
  • Rocks: silicon-based minerals that condense at T=500-1,300 K (0.4% of the nebula).
  • Ices: hydrogen compounds like methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3), water (H2O) that condense at T~150 K and make up 1.4% of the mass.

What were the most common solids that condensed from the solar nebular gases?

Most of the material in the Solar System (more than 99%) resides in the Sun and therefore, did not condense to form any solids. What were the most common solids that condensed from the solar nebular gases? A. They were silicates that lacked water.

Which of the following is a group of inner planets?

The Terrestrial Planets. From top: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. The planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, are called terrestrial because they have a compact, rocky surface like Earth’s terra firma. The terrestrial planets are the four innermost planets in the solar system.

Which of the following types of material can condense into what we call ice at low temperatures?

Which of the following types of material can condense into what we call ice at low temperatures? -Hydrogen compounds such as water, ammonia, and methane are gaseous at high temperature but condense into ice at low temperature.

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What material is used in the solar nebula?

The solar nebular contains 98% Hydrogen and Helium (produced in the Big Bang), and 2% everything else (heavy elements, fusion products inside the stars). Local thermal environment (Temperature) determines what kind of material condensates.

What kind of material in the solar nebula could condense at temperatures as high as 1 500 K such as existed in the inner region of the nebula?

In the inner part of the nebula only metals and rocks were able to condense because of the high temperatures, whereas hydrogen compounds, although more abundant, were only able to condense in the cooler outer regions.

What is condensation in astronomy?

Condensation is the process of forming solid particles from the solar nebula, whereas the solar nebula is a cloud of interstellar gas and dust that condensed to form the entire solar system, including the sun and planets.

What could condense in the outer solar system?

Volatile materials (like water, methane and ammonia) could only condense in the outer parts of the solar nebula. … Because the density of the solar nebula material increased inward, there was more water at Jupiter’s distance than at the distances of Saturn, Uranus, or Neptune.

What are the 4 main types of materials that compose protoplanetary disks?

The material in the disks is thought to consist mainly of gas (99% by mass), predominantly molecular hydrogen and helium with trace amounts of CO and other molecules, and small dust particles (1% by mass).

Why are the inner planets made of denser materials than the outer planets?

Why are the inner planets made of denser materials than the outer planets? A) The Sun’s gravity pulled denser materials toward the inner part of the solar nebula, while lighter gases escaped more easily. … Denser materials were heavier and sank to the center of the nebula.

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What names have we given to smaller objects composed of various materials that condensed from the solar nebula that did not become part of a planet?

Solar system debris is the collective term used for objects that have not become part of a planet or a moon: asteroids, comets, and me- teors. These objects will be discussed in detail in Chapter 6.

Why are the inner planets relatively poor in the surface gases hydrogen and helium compared to the outer planets?

The inner planets are much smaller than the outer planets and because of this have relatively low gravity and were not able to attract large amounts of gas to their atmospheres.

How were the inner and outer planets formed?

So the metal and rock that existed close to the forming Sun accreted to form the inner planets. The ice and other materials found farther away accreted to form the outer planets.