What could condense in the outer solar system?
Volatile materials (like water, methane and ammonia) could only condense in the outer parts of the solar nebula. … Because the density of the solar nebula material increased inward, there was more water at Jupiter’s distance than at the distances of Saturn, Uranus, or Neptune.
What kind of materials condense to form planets?
Terrestrial Planet Formation
Hydrogen compounds, such as water and methane, typically condense at low temperatures, and remain gaseous inside the frost line where temperatures are higher. The heavier rocky and metallic materials are better suited to condense at higher temperatures.
Which material will condense out of the solar nebula first?
This could explain why Mercury has a large metallic core: Fe metal condenses before magnesium silicates, so could accrete first.
What is solid body accretion and what does it produce?
Abstract. In planetary science, accretion is the process in which solids agglomerate to form larger and larger objects and eventually planets are produced. The initial conditions are a disc of gas and microscopic solid particles, with a total mass of about 1% of the gas mass.
What are the 4 main types of materials that compose protoplanetary disks?
The material in the disks is thought to consist mainly of gas (99% by mass), predominantly molecular hydrogen and helium with trace amounts of CO and other molecules, and small dust particles (1% by mass).
Which of the following types of material can condense into what we call ice at low temperatures?
Which of the following types of material can condense into what we call ice at low temperatures? -Hydrogen compounds such as water, ammonia, and methane are gaseous at high temperature but condense into ice at low temperature.
What was the material from which the solar system formed?
Part of Hall of the Universe. The Sun and the planets formed together, 4.6 billion years ago, from a cloud of gas and dust called the solar nebula. A shock wave from a nearby supernova explosion probably initiated the collapse of the solar nebula.
What are the four major categories of materials in the early solar system?
Composition. The ingredients of the solar nebula fell into 4 categories based on their condensation temperatures: metals, rocks, hydrogen compounds (water, methane, ammonia), and light gasses (hydrogen and helium). Distance of a planet from the Sun determined the temperature and thus the materials which condensed first …
What are the first four phases to condense out of the solar nebula?
As the early jovian planets captured large amounts of gas, the same process that formed the solar nebula — contraction, spinning, flattening and heating — formed similar but smaller disks of material around these planets.
What kind of material in the solar nebula would condense at temperatures as high as 1500 K such as existed in the inner region of the nebula?
In the inner part of the nebula only metals and rocks were able to condense because of the high temperatures, whereas hydrogen compounds, although more abundant, were only able to condense in the cooler outer regions.
What kind of material in the solar nebula could condense at temperatures as high as 1 500 K?
The solar nebula is a cooling gas. We can calculate what materials will condense out as the nebula cools. Here is an example of such a calculation. At the highest temperatures (>1500 K), we get refractory elements – elements which stay solid at high temperatures (tungsten, for example).
Why are objects in the solar system different from each other?
Why are objects in the solar system different from each other? They formed from different materials and at different distances from the sun. What keeps the planets in orbit around the sun and the ion in orbit around Earth? Mass measures the amount of matter in an object; weight measures the effects of gravity.
Where large cloud of icy materials rocks exist?
In time, these observations led to the theory that far beyond the sun and planets, there exists a large cloud of icy material and rock where most of these comets come from. This existence of this cloud, which is known as the Oort Cloud (after its principal theoretical founder), remains unproven.
Why are the inner planets made of denser materials than the outer planets?
Why are the inner planets made of denser materials than the outer planets? A) The Sun’s gravity pulled denser materials toward the inner part of the solar nebula, while lighter gases escaped more easily. … Denser materials were heavier and sank to the center of the nebula.
How old is the Earth?
Today, we know from radiometric dating that Earth is about 4.5 billion years old. Had naturalists in the 1700s and 1800s known Earth’s true age, early ideas about evolution might have been taken more seriously.