Who invented telescope Upsc?

In 1609, Galileo Galilei heard about the “Dutch perspective glasses” and within days had designed one of his own — without ever seeing one. He made some improvements — his creation could magnify objects 20 times — and presented his device to the Venetian Senate.

Who first invented telescope?

By figuring out an optimum distance at which to place the lenses and mounting them in a tube, Lippershey invented the telescope. He liked what he saw with it, and applied for a patent. He also conducted a demonstration with his prototype – the first optical refracting telescope – on October 2, 1608.

When was the first telescope invented for space?

Fifty years ago, on December 7, 1968, that idea culminated in NASA’s launch of the first successful space-based observatory: the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory, or OAO-2.

Who is the father of telescope?

The Galileo National Telescope, (Italian: Telescopio Nazionale Galileo; TNG; code: Z19) is a 3.58-meter Italian telescope, located at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain.

Who discovered telescope 1608?

The first person to apply for a patent for a telescope was Dutch eyeglass maker Hans Lippershey (or Lipperhey). In 1608, Lippershey laid claim to a device that could magnify objects three times.

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Who invented reflecting telescope?

In 1668, Isaac Newton devised a reflecting telescope. Instead of a lens, it used a single curved main mirror, together with a smaller flat mirror.

Who discovered four satellites of Jupiter?

On January 7, 1610, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei discovered, using a homemade telescope, four moons orbiting the planet Jupiter. Looking at what he thought were a group of stars, he realized the objects appeared to move in a regular pattern.

Who invented binoculars?

Credit for the first real binocular telescope goes to J. P. Lemiere who devised one in 1825. The modern prism binocular began with Ignazio Porro’s 1854 Italian patent for a prism erecting system.

Who invented the telescope Wiki?

The first record of a telescope comes from the Netherlands in 1608. It is in a patent filed by Middelburg spectacle-maker Hans Lippershey with the States General of the Netherlands on 2 October 1608 for his instrument “for seeing things far away as if they were nearby”.

How Galileo made his telescope?

In Galileo’s telescope the objective lens was convex and the eye lens was concave (today’s telescopes make use of two convex lenses). Galileo knew that light from an object placed at a distance from a convex lens created an identical image on the opposite side of the lens.

What was the first satellite telescope?

The first operational space telescopes were the American Orbiting Astronomical Observatory, OAO-2 launched in 1968, and the Soviet Orion 1 ultraviolet telescope aboard space station Salyut 1 in 1971.

Who built Hubble?

Cutaway of the NASA Hubble Space Telescope, revealing the Optical Telescope Assembly, the heart of the spacecraft, built by Hughes Danbury Optical Systems, Inc.

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What is Galileo telescope?

Galilean telescope, instrument for viewing distant objects, named after the great Italian scientist Galileo Galilei (1564–1642), who first constructed one in 1609. With it, he discovered Jupiter’s four largest satellites, spots on the Sun, phases of Venus, and hills and valleys on the Moon.