Why are Jupiter and Saturn not perfectly spherical?

Why are Jupiter and Saturn not perfectly spherical? They rotate rapidly. Which of the giant planets was predicted to exist mathematically before it was ever seen through a telescope? If you could find a large enough ocean, which one of these planets would float in it?

Why is Saturn not round?

While all the planets in our solar system are nice and round, some are rounder than others. … But some planets aren’t quite so perfectly round. Saturn and Jupiter are bit thicker in the middle. As they spin around, they bulge out along the equator.

Why are Jupiter and Saturn flattened?

Because Jupiter spins so quickly (in just under 10 hours) its disk is visibly flattened, making it wider at the equator and narrower at the poles.

Why is Saturn the least spherical planet?

Saturn is the most oblate of the gaseous planets. This means that it is the least spherical; its equatorial diameter is larger than its polar diameter. This occurs because of its rapid rotational period: Saturn (which is about 9.5 times larger than Earth) rotates more than twice as fast as the Earth.

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Is Jupiter a perfect sphere?

Observations with even a small telescope show that Jupiter is not a sphere. It has a perceptible bulge around its equatorial middle and is flattened at the poles. This elongated oblate shape is caused by Jupiter’s rapid spin.

Does it rain diamonds on Saturn?

New research by scientists apparently shows that it rains diamonds on Jupiter and Saturn. … According to the research lightning storms on the planets turn methane into soot which hardens into chunks of graphite and then diamonds as it falls.

Why are all planets spherical?

Planets are round because their gravitational field acts as though it originates from the center of the body and pulls everything toward it. … The only way to get all the mass as close to planet’s center of gravity as possible is to form a sphere.

What is the reason for the distorted non spherical shape of Saturn Why does Jupiter look more spherical than Saturn?

Jupiter is denser than Saturn because it 3 times more massive. Gravity makes it denser. Jovian planets are not quite spherical because of their rapid rotation.

Why is Saturn’s atmosphere less varied in color and appearance than Jupiter’s atmosphere?

Why is Saturn’s atmosphere less varied in color and appearance than Jupiter’s atmosphere? Saturn’s top clouds are thicker, with few holes and gaps, and they obscure the deeper layers. The surface temperature of Saturn, though cold, is much higher than would be expected from the amount of solar energy it receives.

Why does Jupiter have a more turbulent atmosphere than Saturn?

Jupiters mass is greater than Saturns. Therefore, its gravity is higher and a higher surface gravity compresses the atmosphere to 75 km in thickness. On Saturn, the low mass means less surface gravity and the atmosphere is thicker at 300 km from top to bottom.

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Why are Jupiter and Saturn not perfectly spherical quizlet?

Why are Jupiter and Saturn not perfectly spherical? They rotate rapidly. Which of the giant planets was predicted to exist mathematically before it was ever seen through a telescope? If you could find a large enough ocean, which one of these planets would float in it?

Which planet is the most spherical?

Venus is more nearly spherical than most planets. A planet’s rotation generally causes a bulging at the equator and a slight flattening at the poles, but Venus’s very slow spin allows it to maintain its highly spherical shape.

Why are the inner planets terrestrial?

The planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, are called terrestrial because they have a compact, rocky surface like Earth’s terra firma. The terrestrial planets are the four innermost planets in the solar system. … Without life, most of the oxygen would soon become part of the compounds on the planet’s surface.

Is Saturn spherical?

Saturn is actually not a spherical planet. Most of the gas planets, in fact, flatten slightly and become oblate due to their rapid rotation. This characteristic is most pronounced on Saturn, where the equatorial diameter can be as much as 10% longer than its polar diameter.

Why are asteroids not spherical?

The liquid surroundings give the planet the spherical form, because of the spinning of them and the mentioned physically phenomen. Asteroids are splitters of bigger things and so have NO liquid inner things and so they can`t transform into a sphere.

Do planets have to be spherical?

All of the planets are round because of gravity. … The force of gravity, pulled this molten material inwards towards the planet’s center into the shape of a sphere. Later, when the planets cooled, they stayed spherical. Planets are not perfectly spherical because they also spin.

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